Prison Abolition Resource Guide

This guide contains resources on the abolition of policing, prisons, and punishment. You can find another resource hub, created by Mariame Kaba, here. If you appreciate this guide, please consider making a donation to Georgia Freedom Letters.

Last updated: August 2021

“Remember to imagine and craft the worlds you cannot live without, just as you dismantle the worlds you cannot live within.”

Ruha Benjamin



For introductory context on the U.S. prison system, see Prison Policy Initiative, “Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2020.” For a more academic list of resources, see here. See also, An Indigenous Abolitionist Study Guide. For an overview of the prison industrial complex, see here.

Shorter Pieces

Dan Berger, Mariame Kaba, and David Stein, “What Abolitionists Do,” 2017.

Mariame Kaba and John Duda, Toward the Horizon of Abolition: A Conversation with Mariame Kaba,” 2017.

Rachel Herzing, Black Liberation and the Abolition of the Prison Industrial Complex: An Interview with Rachel Herzing,” 2016.

Colin Kaepernick et al., Abolition for the People Compilation, 2020.

Rachel Kushner, “Is Prison Necessary? Ruth Wilson Gilmore Might Change Your Mind,” 2019.

Mariame Kaba and Kelly HayesA Jailbreak of the Imagination: Seeing Prisons for What They Are and Demanding Transformation,” 2018.

Joshua Dubler and Vincent Lloyd, “Think Prison Abolition in America is Impossible? It Once Felt Inevitable,” 2018.

Ruth Wilson Gilmore and James KilgoreThe Case for Abolition,” 2019.

K Agbebiyi, “Prison Abolition FAQ,” 2020.

Dean Spade, Prison Abolition Argument Chart,” 2017.

Micah Herskind, Some Reflections on Prison Abolition,” 2019.

Reina Sultan and Micah Herskind, What is Abolition, and Why Do We Need It?”, 2020.

Zine Library, Racial Capitalism and Prison Abolition,” 2020.

#8ToAbolition, 2020.

Hannah Bowman, The Interlocking Prison Industrial Complex” Graphic, 2020.

David Greenberg,The Problem of Prisons,” 1970.

Ann Hansen,Harm Reduction Guided By the Goal of Abolition of Prisons and Capitalism: An Interview with Former Direction Action Member and Ex-Prisoner Ann Hansen,” 2021.

Listening and Viewing

Reina Gossett and Dean Spade, YouTube Abolition Series, 2014:

Kim Wilson and Brian Sonenstein, “Beyond Prisons” podcast.

Josh Briond and Jared Ware, “Millenials Are Killing Capitalism” podcast.

Chris Hayes, “Thinking About How to Abolish Prisons with Mariame Kaba,” 2019

Josie Duffy Rice and Clint Smith, Justice in America: Mariame Kaba and Prison Abolition,” 2019.

Longer Pieces and Books

Angela DavisAre Prisons Obsolete?, 2003.

The CR10 Publications Collective, Abolition NOW! Ten Years of Strategy and Struggle Against the Prison Industrial Complex.

Mariame Kaba, We Do This ‘Til We Free Us: Abolitionist Organizing and Transforming Justice, 2021. [interview with author linked]

Julia Sudbury, “Reform or Abolition? Using Popular Mobilizations to Dismantle the ‘Prison-Industrial Complex,’” 2016.

Allegra McLeod, “Prison Abolition and Grounded Justice,” 2015.

Patrisse CullorsAbolition and Reparations: Histories of Resistance, Transformative Justice, and Accountability,” 2019.

Liat Ben-Mosche, Abolition as Knowledge and Ways of Unknowing,” 2020.

Ruth Morris, Penal Abolition: The Practical Choice, 1995. [I don’t have a link, but buy it! It’s a great book!!]

Eugene Debs, Walls and Bars: Prisons and Prison Life in the “Land of the Free“, 1927. [review of book linked]


For more resources, see the resource hubs: For A World Without Police and Defund the Police Resource Hub

Shorter Pieces

Derecka Purnell, How I Became a Police Abolitionist,” 2020.

Alex Vitale, “The Police Are Not Here to Protect You,” 2017.

Maya DukmasovaAbolish the Police? Organizers Say It’s Less Crazy Than It Sounds,” 2016.

Mariame Kaba, “Police Reforms You Should Always Oppose,” 2014.

José Martin, “Policing is a Dirty Job, But Nobody’s Gotta Do It: 6 Ideas for a Cop-Free World,” 2014.

Critical ResistanceReformist Reforms vs. Abolitionist Steps in Policing.”

Jared Knowles and Andrea Ritchie, “Cops Don’t Stop Violence: Combatting Narratives Used to Defend Police Instead of Defund Them,” 2021.

Mychal Denzel Smith, “Abolish the Police. Instead, Let’s Have Full Social, Economic, and Political Equality,” 2015.

Rose City CopWatch, “Alternatives to Police,” 2008.

Sarah-Ji and Monica Trinidad, “Community Compilation on Police Abolition,” 2016.

Garrett Felber, “The Struggle to Abolish the Police is Not New,” 2020.

Stuart Schrader, Defund the Global Policeman,” 2020.

Edward Ongweso Jr., Defunding the Police Actually Means Defunding the Police,” 2020.

Tasha Amezcua, Ejeris Dixon, and Che J. Rene Long, Ten Lessons for Creating Safety Without Police,” 2016.

luna nicoleAlternatives to Police Flyers, 2018.

Meg O’Connor, “What Traffic Enforcement Without Police Could Look Like,” 2021.

Ricardo Levins Morales, Zola Richardson, Jonathan Stegall, and Woods Ervin, The Fantasy of Community Control of the Police,” 2021.

Cameron Rasmussen and Kirk “Jae” James, Trading Cops for Social Workers Isn’t the Solution to Police Violence,” 2020.

Eddie Cole, “The Racist Roots of Campus Policing,” 2021.

Aya Gruber, “Crime Rates Rise and Fall. The Police Mostly Have Nothing to Do With It,” 2021.

Listening and Viewing

Project NIA, Defund Police,” 2020.

Longer Pieces and Books

Robin D.G. Kelley, Insecure: Policing Under Racial Capitalism,” 2020.

Alex VitaleThe End of Policing, 2018. [interview with author linked]

Meghan G. McDowell and Luis A. Fernandez, “Disband, Disempower, and Disarm: Amplifying the Theory and Practice of Police Abolition,” 2018.

Amna Akbar, “Toward a Radical Imagination of the Law,” 2017.

Amna Akbar, An Abolitionist Horizon for (Police) Reform,” 2020.

Barbara Fedders, “The End of School Policing,” 2021.


For a wealth of resources and reports, see Interrupting Criminalization’s website.

Critical Resistance, Our Communities, Our Solutions: An Organizer’s Toolkit for Developing Campaigns to Abolish Policing,” 2020.

Community Resource Hub, How to Take Back the Budget: A Guide to Reviewing and Changing the Police Budget in Your Community,” 2020.

Interrupting Criminalization, Defund Police Toolkit, 2020.

Dream DefendersDefund Police, Rebuild Our Communities, 2020.

Creative Interventions, Creative Interventions Toolkit,” 2012.

Mariame Kaba and Shira Hassan, Fumbling Towards Repair: A Workbook for Community Accountability Practitioners2019.

No New Jails NYC, “Close Rikers Now, We Keep Us Safe: A New Yorker’s Guide to Building Community Care and Safety by Closing Rikers with No New Jails,” 2019.

Forward Together, We Keep Each Other Safe: A Guide By and For Black, Indigenous, Latinx, POC, and LGBTQ Communities Navigating the COVID-10 Pandemic,” 2020.

Jovida Ross and Weyam Ghadbian, Turning Towards Each Other: A Conflict Workbook,” 2020.

Lara Brooks and Mariame Kaba, Whose Security Is It Anyway? A Toolkit to Address Institutional Violence in Nonprofit Organizations,” 2017. [fill out survey to access toolkit]

Showing Up for Racial Justice, Community Safety for All: Congregational Action Toolkit To Stop Relying on Police,” 2020.

Christians for Abolition, Toolkit: Building Space for Non-Punitive Accountability in Christian Communities,” 2020.

Jennifer Viets, Talking Circles at Home and Parenting Restoratively,” 2020. [fill out survey to receive toolkit]

Community Justice Exchange, Abolitionist Principle and Campaign Strategies for Prosecutor Organizing,” 2019.

Community Justice Exchange, An Organizer’s Guide to Confronting Pretrial Risk Assessment Tools in Decarceration Campaigns,” 2019.

Critical Resistance and Community Justice Exchange, On the Road to Freedom: An Abolitionist Assessment of Pretrial and Bail Reforms,” 2021.

Abolition Action, “Abolition: How We Keep Us Safe,” 2021.


Shorter Pieces

Beyond PrisonsCovid-19 Demands, 2020.

Critical Resistance, “Abolitionist Steps to Combat COVID-19 Behind Bars,” 2020.

Kevin Rigby Jr., “The Whole Thing Has Got to Go: Why Abolition Must be About Ending White Supremacy,” 2020.

Bret Grote, “Empty the Jails Now,” 2020.

Micah Herskind, “Three Reasons Advocates Must Move Beyond Demanding Release for “Nonviolent Offenders,” 2020.

Melissa Gira-Grant, “The Pandemic Is the Right Time to Defund the Police”, 2020.

Viewing and Listening

Ruth Wilson Gilmore and Naomi Murakawa, “Covid-19, Decarceration, and Abolition” 2020.

Angela Davis and Naomi Klein, “Movement Building in the Time of Coronavirus,” 2020.

Amanda Alexander, Ruth Wilson Gilmore, and Kim Wilson, Survival Pending Abolition,” 2020.


The number of ‘origin stories’ for mass incarceration has exploded in recent years. These are mostly books. Here are some:

Michelle AlexanderThe New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness2010.

Naomi MurakawaThe First Civil Right: How Liberals Built Prison America, 2014. [interview with author linked]

Elizabeth Hinton, From the War on Poverty to the War on Crime: The Making of Mass Incarceration in America2016. [interview with author linked]

Khalil Gibran MuhammadThe Condemnation of Blackness: Race, Crime, and the Making of Modern Urban America, 2010. [interview with author linked]

Angela DavisAre Prisons Obsolete?, 2003.

Ruth Wilson GilmoreGolden Gulag: Prisons, Surplus, Crisis, and Opposition in Globalizing California [interview with author linked]

Jonathon SimonGoverning Through Crime: How the War on Crime Transformed American Democracy and Created a Culture of Fear2006. [review of book linked]

Heather Ann Thompson, “Why Mass Incarceration Matters: Rethinking Crisis, Decline, and Transformation in Postwar American History,” 2010.

James FormanLocking Up Our Own: Crime and Punishment in Black America, 2017, [interview with author linked]

Charlotte Rosen, Abolition or Bust: Liberal Police Reform as an Engine of Carceral Violence,” 2020.


Shorter Pieces

Angela Davis, “From the Prison of Slavery to the Slavery of Prison: Frederick Douglass and the Convict Lease System,” 1998.

Amna AkbarPolicing Black Radicalism,” 2016.

P.R. Lockhart, “Living While Black and the Criminalization of Blackness,” 2018.

Elizabeth Hinton and DeAnza Cook, “The Mass Criminalization of Black Americans: A Historical Overview,” 2020.

Viewing and Listening

Documentary: Slavery By Another Name2012.

Khalil Gibran Muhammad, talk on The Condemnation of Blackness: Race, Crime, and the Making of Modern Urban America.

Keeanga-Yamahtta TaylorFrom #BlackLivesMatter to Black Liberation, 2016.

Dara Lind, Liz Scheltens, and Gina Barton, The School-to-Prison Pipeline, Explained,” 2016.

Books and Longer Pieces

Assata Shakur, Assata: An Autobiography1987.

Michelle AlexanderThe New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, 2010.

Naomi MurakawaThe First Civil Right: How Liberals Built Prison America, 2014. [interview with author linked]

Monique MorrisPushout: The Criminalization of Black Girls in Schools, 2015. [interview with author linked]


Shorter Pieces

Victoria Law, “Against Carceral Feminism,” 2014.

Miriam Perez-Putnam, Surviving Rape as a Prison Abolitionist,” 2020.

Kelly Hayes and Mariame Kaba, “The Sentencing of Larry Nassar Was Not ‘Transformative Justice.’ Here’s Why,” 2018.

Beth Richie, “How Anti-Violence Activism Taught me to Become a Prison Abolitionist,” 2014.

Leigh Goodmark, How Representing Victims of Domestic Violence Turned Me Into a Prison Abolitionist,” 2020.

Mariame Kaba and Eva Nagao, “What About the Rapists?”, 2021.

James Kilgore, Locking People Up Doesn’t Make Us Safer, Abuse Survivor Says,” 2019.

Victoria LawHow Can We Reconcile Prison Abolition with #MeToo?”, 2018.

Cassandra Mensah, If We Abolish Police, What Happens to Rapists?”, 2020.

Kristian Williams, “A Look at Feminist Forms of Justice that Don’t Involve the Police,” 2015.

Melissa Jeltsen, “Don’t Use Domestic Violence Victims to Derail Police Reform,” 2020.

Stefanie Mundhenk Harrelson, I Was Sexually Assaulted. And I Believe Incarcerating Rapists Doesn’t Help Victims Like Me,” 2019.

Viewing and Listening

INCITE!Abolition Feminism: Celebrating 20 Years of INCITE!, 2020

Longer Pieces and Books

Emily Thuma, All Our Trials: Prisons, Policing, and the Feminist Fight to End Violence2019. [interview with author linked]

Andrea RitchieInvisible No More: Police Violence Against Black Women and Women of Color, 2017. [interview with author linked]

Beth RichieArrested Justice: Black Women, Violence, and America’s Prison Nation, 2012. [interview with author linked]

Ann RussoFeminist Accountability, Disrupting Violence and Transforming Power, 2018. [overview of book linked]

Mimi Kim, “From Carceral Feminism to Transformative Justice: Women-Of-Color Feminism and Alternatives to Incarceration,” 2018.

Donna Hylton, A Little Piece of Light: A Memoir of Hope, Prison, and a Life Unbound, 2018. [interview with author linked]


Shorter Pieces

Mariame Kaba, “Transformative Justice,” 2012.

Ruth Morris, “Why Transformative Justice?”, 1999.

Sujatha Baliga, “What is Restorative Justice? A Different Path for Confronting Sexual Assault,” 2018.

Mia Mingus, Transformative Justice: A Brief Description,” 2019.

Mia Mingus, Pods and Pod Mapping Worksheet,” 2016.

Anti-Oppression Resource and Training Alliance, “Punitive, Restorative, and Transformative Justice: The Basics,” 2013.

Connie Burk, Think. Re-think. Accountable Communities.” n.d.

Leila Raven, “An Open Letter to the Former Commune Mag Editor Who Raped Me,” 2020.

Wispy Cockles, Taking the First Step: Suggestions to People Called Out for Abusive Behavior,” n.d.

National Sexual Assault Coalition, “Transformative Justice Resource Compilation,” 2019.

Mia Mingus, Two Part Series on Apologies: “How to Give a Good Apology Part 1: The Four Parts of Accountability” and “How to Give a Good Apology Part 2: The Apology — The What and the How,” 2019.

Listening and Viewing

Kiyomi Fujikawa, Shannon Perez-Darby, and Mariame Kaba, “Building Accountable Communities,” Four-Part Video Series.


Ejeris Dixon and Leah Lakshmi Piepzna-SamarasinhaBeyond Survival2019. [interview with authors linked]

Danielle Sered, Until We Reckon: Violence, Mass Incarceration, and a Road to Repair2019. [interview with author linked]


For a more comprehensive set of resources, see Talila Lewis’ syllabus “Disability Justice in the Age of Mass Incarceration” and the Abolition and Disability Justice Resource Hub. Please also consider supporting the work of HEARD.

Shorter Pieces

Talila Lewis, “Disability Justice Is an Essential Part of Abolishing Police and Prisons,” 2020.

Patty Bernes, Disability Justice — A Working Draft,” 2015.

Mia Mingus, Changing the Framework: Disability Justice,” 2011.

Talila Lewis and Dustin Gibson, “The Prison Strike Challenges Ableism and Defends Disability Rights,” 2018.

The Harriet Tubman Collective, Disability Solidarity: Completing the ‘Vision for Black Lives,’” 2016.

Stefanie Lyn Kaufman-Mthimkhulu, “We Don’t Need Cops to Become Social Workers: We Need Peer Support + Community Response Networks,” 2020.

Sara Luterman, “Abolish Guardianship, Preserve the Rights of Disabled People, and Free Britney,” 2021.

Beatrice Adler-Bolton,#FreeBritney and #FreeThemAll,” 2021.

Stella Akua Mensah,Abolition Must Include Psychiatry,” 2020.

Keith Rosenthal, “Jailbreak of Disability,” 2021.

Listening and Viewing

Leah Lakshmi Piepzna-Samarasinha and Elliott Fukui, “Moving at the Speed of Trust: Disability and Transformative Justice,” 2020.

HEARD, “Deaf in Prison,” 2014.

Mia Mingus, Mia Mingus on Disability Justice,” 2013.

Longer Pieces and Books

Liat Ben-Moshe, Decarcerating Disability: Deinstitutionalization and Prison Abolition2020. [talk with author linked]

Liat Ben-Moshe, “Deinstitutionalization: A Case Study in Carceral Abolition,” 2014.

Leah Lakshmi Piepzna-Samarasinha, Care Work: Dreaming Disability Justice2018. [interview with author linked]

Liat Ben-Moshe, Chris Chapman, and Allison Carey, Disability Incarcerated: Imprisonment and Disability in the United States and Canada2014. [interview with author linked]


Shorter Pieces

Ruth Wilson Gilmore, “The Worrying State of the Anti-Prison Movement,” 2015.

Micah Herskind, Three Reasons Advocates Must Move Beyond Demanding Release for ‘Nonviolent Offenders,’” 2020.

Dylan Rodriguez, “Reform Isn’t Liberation, It’s Counterinsurgency,” 2020.

Naomi Murakawa, Police Reform Works––For the Police,” 2020.

Survived and Punished, Preserving Punishment Power: A Grassroots Abolitionist Assessment of New York Reforms,” 2020.

Asar Amen, To End Mass Incarceration, Our Society Must Look Beyond the ‘Non-Violent Drug Offenses,’” 2016. (page 5 of link)

Michelle Alexander, “The Newest Jim Crow,” 2018.

Sarah T Hamid, “Community Defense: Sarah T. Hamid on Abolishing Carceral Technologies,” 2020.

James Kilgore, “Repackaging Mass Incarceration,” 2014.

Marie Gottschalk, “The Folly of Neoliberal Prison Reform,” 2015.

Naomi MurakawaHow Liberals Legitimize Broken Windows” in Camp and Heatherton, Policing the Planet, 2016. [pgs. 186–194 of linked PDF]

Vesla WeaverThe Untold Story of Mass Incarceration,” 2017.

Marie Gottschalk, “Did You Really Think Trump Was Going to Help End the Carceral State?” 2019.

Kay Whitlock and Nancy Heitzeg, Billionaire-Funded Criminal Justice Reform Actually Expands the Carceral System,” 2019.

James Kilgore, “The First Step Act Opens the Door to Digital Incarceration,” 2018.

Longer Pieces and Books

Ruth Wilson Gilmore, “Abolition Geography and the Problem of Innocence,” 2017.

Lena Carla Palacios, “Challenging Convictions: Indigenous and Black Race-Radical Feminists Theorizing the Carceral State and Abolitionist Praxis in the United States and Canada,” 2016.

Ruha BenjaminRace After Technology: Abolitionist Tools for the New Jim Code, 2019. [brief synopsis of book linked]

Dorothy Roberts, “Digitizing the Carceral State,” 2019.

Christopher SeedsBifurcation Nation: American Penal Policy in Late Mass Incarceration,” 2017.

James Forman Jr., Racial Critiques of Mass Incarceration: Beyond the New Jim Crow,” 2012.

Ruth Wilson GilmoreRace, Capitalist Crisis, and Abolitionist Organizing,” 2010.

Marie GottschalkThe Prison and the Gallows: The Politics of Mass Incarceration in America2006 [especially chapters 5–7]

Maya Schenwar and Victoria Law, Prison By Any Other Name: The Harmful Consequences of Popular Reforms, 2020. [interview with authors linked]

Kay Whitlock and Nancy Heitzeg, Carceral Con: The Deceptive Terrain of Criminal Justice Reform, 2021. [excerpted article by authors linked]


To correspond with someone in prison, visit Black and Pink’s website or, if you live in Georgia, Georgia Freedom Letters.

Shorter Pieces

Stephen Wilson, Dis-Organizing Prisons,” 2019.

Stephen Wilson, Building Together, Inside/Outside,” n.d.

Michael “Safear” Ness, You Gotta Learn the History: An Interview with Michael ‘Safear’ Ness,” 2021.

Jared Ware, “I’m For Disruption: Interview with Prison Strike Organizer from Jailhouse Lawyers Speak,” 2018.

Empty Cages Collective and Incarcerated Workers Organizing Committee,Prisoner Writings on Prison Abolition,” 2018.

2018 Prison Strike Demands, 2018

United Black Family Editorial Collective, My Comrades’ Thoughts on Black Lives Matter: A Collection of Essays and Poems by Incarcerated Activists,” 2020

Jared Ware, Interview: South Carolina Prisoners Challenge Narrative Around Violence at Lee Correctional Institution,” 2018.

Dan Berger, Ryan Fatica, and Duncan Tarr, “As the Coronavirus Spreads, Prisoners are Rising Up for Their Health,” 2020.

In The Belly: An Abolitionist Journal, Volume 12020. [please support the patreon here]

Books and Longer Pieces

Samuel Melville, Letters from Attica, 1972.

Angela Davis, If They Come in the Morning…Voices of Resistance, 1992.

Victoria LawResistance Behind Bars: The Struggles of Incarcerated Women, 2009. [interview with author linked]

Dan BergerCaptive Nation: Black Prison Organizing in the Civil Rights Era, 2016. [interview with author linked]

Garrett FelberThose Who Know Don’t Say: The Nation of Islam, the Black Freedom Movement, and the Carceral State, 2019. [podcast interview with author linked]

Dan Berger and Toussaint Losier, Rethinking the American Prison Movement2017. [adapted article from authors linked]

Orisanmi Burton, “Organized Disorder: The New York City Jail Rebellion of 1970,” 2018.


Shorter Pieces

Ruth Wilson Gilmore and James Kilgore, Some Reflections on Prison Labor,” 2019.

Kay Whitlock, “Prison Reform Misdirection: 5 Caveats About Private Prisons and Mass Incarceration,” 2016.

Craig GilmoreTwitter thread on prison privatization, 2018.

Craig Gilmore, “On the Business of Incarceration,” 2019.

Brian Sonenstein, Elizabeth Warren’s Flawed but Well-Intentioned Proposal for Banning Private Prisons,” 2019.

Darren Klimek, “Abolishing Private Prisons Is a Start, But It Will Not End Mass Incarceration,” 2020.

Dan Berger, How Prisons Serve Capitalism,” 2018.

David Stein, “Still Bringing the State Back In: Private Prisons and Mass Incarceration,” 2017.

Critical Resistance, “Private Prisons,” 2016.

Longer Pieces and Books

Lauren-Brooke EisenInside Private Prisons2017 [I disagree with many of the book’s conclusions, but lots of valuable information in it. Interview with author linked]


Mariame KabaMutual Aid Resources, 2020.

Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Mariame Kaba, “Mutual Aid 101,” 2020.

Big Door Brigade, “What is Mutual Aid?,” 2020.

Collaborative Zine Laboratory, What is Abolition in a Time of Covid-19? How to Make a Mutual Aid Map,” 2020.

Alisa Bierria, Interview: Abolition and Mutual Aid, 2020

Listening and Viewing

Mariame Kaba, Dean Spade, Klee Benally, and Kali Akuno, Mutual Aid: Building Communities of Care During Crisis and Beyond,” 2020.

Kelly Hayes and Pilar Weiss, “Our Government Has Failed Us in This Crisis. How Do We Protect Our Communities?,” 2020.

Longer Pieces

Dean Spade, “Solidarity Not Charity: Mutual Aid for Mobilization and Survival,” 2020.

Dean SpadeMutual Aid: Building Solidarity During This Crisis (And the Next), 2020. [interview with author linked]


See the work of JMacForFamilies and Movement for Family Power for more information on some current efforts to abolish the family regulation system.

Shorter Pieces

Dorothy Roberts, “Abolishing Policing Also Means Abolishing Family Regulation,” 2020.

Erin Miles Cloud, Toward the Abolition of the Foster System,” 2019.

Dina Ortiz, Battling an Unjust System: How the War on Drugs Stole My Daughter,” 2019.

Dorothy Roberts, “Abolition is the Only Answer,” 2020.

Elizabeth Brico, “How Child Protective Services Can Trap the Parents They’re Supposed to Help,” 2019.

Center for the Study of Social Policy, “What Does it Mean to Abolish the Child Welfare System as We Know It?”, 2020.

Emma Williams, “‘Family Regulation,’ Not ‘Child Welfare’: Abolition Starts with Changing Our Language,” 2020.

Dinah Ortiz-Adames, “Uplifting Every Voice — Together We Can Change the Perception of Parents Created by the Child Welfare System,” 2018.

Kendra Hurley, How the Pandemic Became an Unplanned Experiment in Abolishing the Child Welfare System,” 2021.

Listening and Viewing

Dorothy Roberts, “Fighting for Family: Intersections of the Family and Criminal Punishment Systems,” 2019.

Charity Tolliver, Fallon Speaker, Shrounda Selivanoff, and Elena Gormley, Policing by Another Name: Mandated Reporting as State Surveillance,” 2020.

Books and Longer Pieces

Dorothy Roberts, Prison, Foster Care, and the Systemic Punishment of Black Mothers,” 2012.

Dorothy Roberts, Shattered Bonds: The Color of Child Welfare, 2002 [overview of book linked].

Anna Arons, “An Unintended Abolition: Family Regulation During the COVID-19 Crisis,” 2021.

J. Khadijah Abdurahman, “Calculating the Souls of Black Folk: Predictive Analytics in the New York City Administration for Children’s Services,” 2021.

Theresa Rocha Beardall and Frank Edwards, Abolition, Settler Colonialism, and the Persistent Threat of Indian Child Welfare,” 2021.


Shorter Pieces

Incite!, “Beyond the Nonprofit Industrial Complex,” n.d.

Sidra Morgan-Montoya, “Nonprofit Industrial Complex 101: A Primer on How it Upholds Inequality and Flattens Resistance,” 2020.

Ruth Wilson Gilmore, “In the Shadow of the Shadow State,” 2007.

Dylan Rodriguez, “The Political Logic of the Nonprofit Industrial Complex,” 2007.

Erica Kohl-Arenas and Megan Ming-Francis, Philanthropy is Once Again Undermining Racial Justice Movements,” 2020.

Longer Pieces and Books

Incite! (editor)The Revolution Will Not Be Funded: Beyond the Nonprofit Industrial Complex, 2007.

Sam Collings-Wells, “From Black Power to Broken Windows: Liberal Philanthropy and the Carceral State,” 2020.

Myrl BeamGay, Inc.: The Nonprofitization of Queer Politics2018 [review linked].

Erica Kohl-Arenas, Funding the Other California: An Anatomy of Consensus and Consent,” 2016.

Elizabeth Whalley and Colleen Hackett, “Carceral Feminisms: The Abolitionist Project and Undoing Dominant Feminisms,” 2017.


Brett Story and Seth Prins, “A Green New Deal for Decarceration,” 2019.

Prison Ecology ProjectBackground on Mass Incarceration and the Environment

Truthout, article series, “America’s Toxic Prisons

Candice Bernd, Maureen Nandini Mitra, and Zoe Loftus-Farren, “The Environmental Injustices of Mass Incarceration,” 2017.

Panagioti Tsolkas, “How the Fight Against Toxic Prisons Could Shape the Future of Environmentalism,” 2016.

Adam Mahoney, “America’s Biggest Jails Are Frontline Environmental Justice Communities,” 2021.

Keala Uchôa, Critical Abolitionist Environmental Justice,” 2021.


You can find an excellent resource hub on crimmigration here.

Shorter Pieces

César Cuauhtémoc García Hernández, “Abolish Immigration Prisons,” 2019.

Cora Currier, “Immigration Detention is Part of Mass Incarceration: The Case for Abolishing ICE and Everything Else,” 2019.

Detention Watch Network, Ending Immigration Detention: Abolitionist Steps vs. Reformist Reforms,” 2021.

Naomi Ishisaka, “Who Profits from ‘Crimmigration’? Not America or its Ideals,” 2019.

Taniv Misra, The Rise of ‘Crimmigration: An Interview with César García Hernández,” 2016.

Mike Ludwig, Grassroots Activists: “Abolish ICE” Means Disband, Not Reform the Agency,” 2018.

Silky Shah, The Immigrant Justice Movement Should Embrace Abolition,” 2021.


Redirect and Sophia Gurule,Deportation Abolition,” 2021.

Amna Akbar, Silky Shah, Darakshan Raja, and Aziz Rana, “PIC Abolition, the War on Terror, and the Deportation Machine,” 2021.

Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz, The United States is Not a ‘Nation of Immigrants,'” 2021.

Longer Pieces

Harsha Walia, Border and Rule: Global Migration, Capitalism, and the Rise of Racist Nationalism, 2021. [interview with author linked]

Harsha Walia, Undoing Border Imperialism, 2013. [interview with author linked]

Kelly Lytle Hernández, “Amnesty or Abolition? Felons, Illegals, and the Case for a New Abolition Movement,” 2011.

Allegra McLeod, “The U.S. Criminal-Immigration Convergence and Its Possible Undoing,” 2012.

Katherine Beckett and Naomi Murakawa, “Mapping the Shadow Carceral State: Toward an Institutionally Capacious Approach to Punishment,” 2012.

Adam Goodman, The Deportation Machine: America’s Long History of Deporting Immigrants2020. [interview with author linked]


Shorter Pieces

Transformative Justice Law Project of Illinois, “Quick Guide to the Criminalization of Transgender and Gender Non-Conforming People.”

Dean Spade, Toward a Critical Trans Politics,” 2012.

Isabelle Nastasia and Ryan Conrad, What if the LGBTQ Movement Fought for Prison Abolition Rather than Same-Sex Marriage?”, 2014.

George Yancey and Che Gossett, “Black Trans Feminist Thought Can Set Us Free,” 2020.

Jerome Hunt and Aisha Moodie-Mills, “The Unfair Criminalization of Gay and Transgender Youth,” 2012.

Adryan Corcione, How Layleen Xtravaganza-Polanco’s Case Impacted Organizing for Transgender Prisoners,” 2020.

Dean Spade, The Queer and Trans Fight For Liberation — and Abolition,” 2020.

Margaret Goff, Five Reasons Mass Incarceration is a Queer Issue,” 2017.

Longer Pieces and Books

Eric Stanley and Nat Smith, Captive Genders: Trans Embodiment and the Prison Industrial Complex, 2011.

Eric Stanley, Dean Spade, Joey L. Mogul, Andrea J. Ritchie, and Kay Whitlock, Queering Prison Abolition, Now?”, 2012.

Joey L. Mogul, Andrea J. Ritchie, and Kay WhitlockQueer (In)Justice: The Criminalization of LGBT People in the United States2012. [review of book linked]


You can find excellent resources compiled by Christians for Prison Abolition herehere, and here, and learn more about the Abolitionist Sanctuary effort by Rev. Nikia Robert here.

Shorter Pieces

Hannah Bowman, A Christian Case for Prison Abolition,” 2018.

Joshua Dubler and Vincent Lloyd, Mass Incarceration Is Religious (and So Is Abolition): A Provocation,” 2016.

Monica Bell, You Say ‘Promised Land,’ I Say ‘Abolition,’” 2020.

Anne Dunlap, Dove Kent, and Jen Bailey, G-d is an Abolitionist,” 2020.

Catherine Grainge, A Christian Case for Prison Abolition,” 2019.

Micah Herskind, “The Individualizing Paternalism of Big Christian Ministry,” 2019.

Christians for Abolition, Introductory Abolitionist Theologies.”

Mennonite Church USA, Abolition Curriculum, 2021.

Reina Sultan, Say Your Prayers, Conservatives! Prison Abolitionists are Reclaiming Faith,” 2021.

Longer Pieces and Books

Joshua Dubler and Vincent Lloyd, Break Every Yoke: Religion, Justice, and the Abolition of Prisons2020. [article from authors linked]

Lee Griffith, The Fall of the Prison: Biblical Perspectives on Prison Abolition1993. [review of book linked]

Tanya Erzen, God in Captivity: The Rise of Faith-Based Ministries in the Age of Mass Incarceration, 2017. [review of book linked]

Aaron GriffithGod’s Law and Order: The Politics of Punishment in Evangelical America, 2020. [review of book linked]

Jordan Ballor, To Reform or Abolish? Christian Perspectives on Punishment, Prison, and Restorative Justice,” 2007.


View a more complete list of young children’s books related to incarceration on the Missing Daddy website and an amazing list of resources by Leila Raven here.

Jennifer Viets, Talking Circles at Home and Parenting Restoratively,” 2020. [fill out survey to receive toolkit]

Wizards Around the Rainbow: A Framework for Bringing Transformative Justice Values and Principles into Childcare Work,” 2021.

Arissa Hall, “I Don’t Glamorize Police in My Household, and I’m Teaching My Child Why,” 2020.

PDX Childcare Collective, Kids Are Wondering…What Is Abolition?” 2021.

Jennifer McGrail, Gentle Parenting FAQ,” 2013.

PDX Childcare Collective, “Short Guide on Talking to Kids About Police,” 2020.

Raising the Resistance and The Student Ignition Society, “Ending Police Brutality: Family Action Toolkit,” 2020.

Mariame Kaba, “Talking About Policing and Violence with Youth: An Activity and Resource Guide,” 2012.

Nadine Naber, Souzan Naser, and Johnaé Strong, “Radical Mothering for Abolitionist Futures Post-COVID-19,” 2020.

Mariame Kaba and Bria Royal, Missing Daddy2018.

Shannon Cofrin Gaggero, Talking to My White Kids About Abolition,” 2021.


Shorter Pieces

Atiya Husain, “Terror and Abolition,” 2020.

Simone Brown, “The Feds Are Watching: A History of Resisting Anti-Black Surveillance,” 2020.

Aslı Bâli, Defund America’s Endless Wars,” 2020.

Project South, “Islamophobia & U.S. Surveillance Policy: A Brief Summary,” 2019.

Mazin Sidhamed, “How the FBI Coerced This Muslim Immigrant Into Working as an Informant,” 2020.

Spencer Ackerman, “The Last Thing We Need is Another War on Terror,” 2021.

Justice for Muslims Collective et al., Abolishing the War on Terror & Building Communities of Care: A Grassroots Policy Agenda for the Biden-Harris Administration and 117th Congress,” 2021.

Kay Whitlock and Michael Bronski, “What’s in a Frame? The Perils of “Domestic Terrorism,” 2015.

Devyn Springer, “Theirs and Ours: Terrorism’s ‘Inclusivity’ Argument,”

Listening and Viewing

Abolition Means No War: The New Generation of Anti-Imperialists,” 2021.

Books and Longer Pieces

Simone Brown, Dark Matters, 2015. [interview with author linked]

Brendan McQuade, Pacifying the Homeland: Intelligence Fusion and Mass Supervision, 2019. [interview with author linked]


Shorter Pieces

Elisabeth Epps, “Amber Guyger Should Not Go to Prison,” 2019.

Benji Hart, Seeking Justice for Laquan McDonald — Without Relying on Prisons,” 2018.

Mariame Kaba and Andrea Ritchie, We Want More Justice For Breonna Taylor Than The System That Killed Her Can Deliver,” 2020.

Rachel Herzing and Isaac Ontiveros, Responding to Police Killings: Questions and Challenges for Abolitionists,” 2010.

Mariame Kaba, Prosecuting Cops Does Not Equal Justice,” 2015.

Mariame Kaba, Whether Darren Wilson Is Indicted Or Not, The Entire System is Guilty,” 2014.

Mariame Kaba and Andrea Ritchie, “A World Where George Floyd and Ma’Khia Bryant Would Still Be Here is a World Without Police,” 2021.


Shorter Pieces

Jonathan Ben-Menachem, “Policing Can’t End Violence in the U.S., But Reparations Might,” 2020.

Monica Bell, Black Security and the Conondrum of Policing,” 2020.

Daniel Denvir, “We Can Fight for Gun Control Without Locking People Up,” 2018.

Brandon Absher, Gun Control, Abolition, and Transformative Justice,” 2018.

Kenithia Alston and Emanuel Powell, “The Other Gun Violence,” 2021.

Nicole Jackson, “Police Violence and the Debate Over Gun Control,” 2018.

Kim Bellware, “Meet the Young Activists Fighting Chicago’s Gun Violence with Lobbying and Group Hugs,” 2019.

Elizabeth King and Aaron Cynic, “Community Investment, Safety Without Cops: Good Kids Mad City Organizes Against Gun Violence,” 2018.

Nathan Goodman, “Gun Control, Structural Racism, and the Prison State,” 2014.

Kenithia Alston and Emanuel Powell, The Other Gun Violence,” 2021.

Benjamin Levin, More Criminalization Isn’t the Answer to Gun Violence,” 2021.

Viewing and Listening

Dean Spade and Reina Gossett, “Gun Control and Producing Dangerousness” 2014.

Longer Pieces

Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz, Loaded: A Disarming History of the Second Amendment, 2018. [review of book linked]

Steve Ekwall, “The Racist Origins of US Gun Control: Laws Designed to Disarm Slaves, Freedmen, and African-Americans,” 2012.

Benjamin Levin, “Guns and Drugs,” 2015.


The Bay Area Transformative Justice Collective is a group that organizes to build and support transformative justice responses to child sexual abuse.

Shorter Pieces

Erica Meiners, Liam Michaud, Josh Pavan, and Bridget Simpson, “‘Worst of the Worst’? Queer Investments in Challenging Sex Offender Registries,” 2012.

Vikki Law, “Prison Abolition and ‘Sex Crimes,’” 2013.

Women Against the Registry, Our Position on the Registry,” n.d.

Nathan Goetting, Moral Panic Over Sex Offenses Results in Cruel and Self-Defeating Overpunishment,” 2015.

Maggie Koerth-Baker, There’s A Reliable Therapy for Sex Offenders — But Nobody Wants Them to Get It,” 2015.

Books and Longer Pieces

Marie Gottschalk, “The New Untouchables: The War on Sex Offenders,” from Caught: The Prison State and The Lockdown of American Politics, 2015.

Erica Meiners and Judith Levine, The Feminist and the Sex Offender2020. [interview with authors linked]

Adina Ilea, “What About ‘the Sex Offenders’? Addressing Sexual Harm from An Abolitionist Perspective,” 2018.


Visit the DecrimNOW resources page for a wealth of resources on sex work decriminalization.

Shorter Pieces

Anna North, “The Movement to Decriminalize Sex Work, Explained,” 2019.

Rewire News Group Staff“Prison Abolition Requires Decriminalizing Sex Work,” 2020.

Red Schulte, Ending Violence Against Sex Workers Means Abolishing Police and Prisons,” 2020.

Melissa Gira Grant, This is How Sex Workers Win,” 2021.

Erin Albright and Kat D’Adamo, Decreasing Human Trafficking through Sex Work Decriminalization,” 2017.

Marla Cruz, “A Stripper’s Case for the Full Decriminalization of Sex Work,” 2021.

DecrimNow,Open Letter Opposing the Nordic Model,” 2021.


Molly Smith and Juno Mac, Revolting Prostitutes: The Fight for Sex Workers’ Rights, 2018. [review of book linked]

Melissa Gira Grant, Playing the Whore: The Work of Sex Work2014. [summary of book linked]


Shorter Pieces

Sarah Lamble, “The False Promise of Hate Crime Laws,” 2021.

Black and Pink, “A Compilation of Critiques on Hate Crimes Legislation,” 2009.

Yasmin Nair, “Why Hate Crimes Legislation is Still Not a Solution,” 2011. [pg 8 of linked pdf]

Kay Whitlock, “The Hate Frame and Gender Violence: A Lethal Failure of Imagination,” 2016.

Dylan Rodriguez, “The ‘Asian Exception’ and the Scramble For Legibility: Toward an Abolitionist Approach to Anti-Asian Violence,” 2021.

James Jacobs, Hate Crime Laws Are a Form of Discrimination,” 2016.

Jean Paik, We Need to Condemn Anti-Asian Violence, But Not Through More Policing,” 2021.

Kay Whitlock, “Jail Won’t Solve White Supremacist Violence. Here’s How to Truly Confront It,” 2021.

Tracey Corder and Ramah Kudaimi, “An Abolitionist Response to White Supremacy,” 2021.

Jason Wu and James McMaster,Hate-Crime Laws Are Not the Answer to Anti-Asian Violence, Abolition Is,” 2021.


Time To Say Goodbye, How Not To Think Like a Cop, with Naomi Murakawa,” 2021.

Longer Pieces

Kay Whitlock, “In a Time of Broken Bones: A Call to Dialogue on Hate Violence and the Limitations of Hate Crimes Legislation,” 2001.

Ryan Conrad (editor)Against Equality: Prisons Will Not Protect You, 2015. [part of book linked]

Kay Whitlock and Michael BronskiConsidering Hate: Violence, Goodness, and Justice in American Culture and Politics, 2016. [brief review of book linked]

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